Safety at work: a focus on the health and integrity of workers and the regulations that protect them

23 June 2023

Safety at work is an issue of fundamental importance to ensure the health and well-being of workers in every sector. The regulations in force on safety at work seek to address a wide range of aspects and alterations of the health and integrity of workers. In this article, we will look at some of these aspects and discuss the main regulations that protect them.

Aspects of workers’ health and integrity

Safety at work concerns both the prevention of accidents at work and the promotion of the general health of workers. Some of the key aspects that occupational safety regulations seek to address include:

  1. Prevention of accidents and occupational diseases: The regulations aim to reduce the number of accidents at work and occupational diseases, promoting the adoption of preventive measures and occupational safety management systems.
  2. Training and information: Laws require employers to provide appropriate training and information on occupational risks and prevention and protection measures.
  3. Mental health: Occupational safety also includes promoting workers’ mental health, addressing issues such as work-related stress, burnout and mobbing.
  4. Ergonomics and comfort in the workplace: Regulations provide for measures to be taken to ensure an ergonomic and comfortable working environment, helping to reduce the risk of musculoskeletal disorders and fatigue.

Regulations related to worker safety

In Italy, the main legislation that protects the safety of workers is Legislative Decree 9 April 2008, n. 81, also known as the Consolidated Law on Health and Safety at Work (TUSL). The TUSL establishes the general provisions for the protection of the health and safety of workers, including prevention, training, information, advice and supervision measures.

Some key points of the TUSL concern:

  1. Risk assessment: Employers are required to assess the risks present in the workplace and to take appropriate prevention and protection measures.
  2. Training and information: Employers must provide adequate training and information to workers about occupational risks and prevention and protection measures.
  3. Consultation and participation of workers: Workers must be involved in decision-making relating to occupational safety and must be consulted on issues affecting their health and safety.
  4. Health surveillance: Employers are required to ensure health surveillance of workers exposed to specific occupational hazards.

Occupational safety is essential to ensure the health and integrity of workers. The regulations in force, such as the TUSL, address different aspects of the health and integrity of workers and provide for a series of measures for their protection. It is vital that employers and workers work together to ensure a safe and healthy working environment, helping to reduce the risk of occupational accidents and diseases.


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